The speculation that wheat cultivation would be affected due to unseasonal rains and floods in March and April this year turned out to be wrong. Wheat production in the country is estimated to be at a new record level of 112.74 million tonnes in the current crop year 2022-23 (July-June) due to increase in cultivated area and higher yield, despite unseasonal rains . This is 50 lakh tonnes more than last year’s production. In the latest data released on Thursday by the Ministry of Agriculture, record production has been estimated in Rice Production, Maize, Oilseeds and Sugarcane Production.
The country’s total food grain production is also estimated to be a record 335.3 million tonnes in the crop year 2022-23. While according to the third estimate, there was an actual production of 315.61 million tonnes in the last crop year. Major food grains include wheat, rice, nutrient-dense cereals and pulses.
record production of wheat
The Ministry of Agriculture said, “Wheat production in the country is estimated to be 11 crore 27.4 lakh tonnes, which is 50 lakh tonnes more than the production of the previous year.” Wheat production had come down to 107.74 million tonnes. The previous record 109.59 million tonnes in wheat production was achieved during the 2020-21 crop year. Sowing of wheat, the main rabi (winter) crop, began in October, while harvesting is expected by June 15 this year.
Expectations tied to rice and maize
Rice production is estimated to be a record 135.54 million tonnes in the 2022-23 crop year, as against 129.47 million tonnes in the previous year. Maize production is also estimated at a record 35.91 million tonnes, compared to 33.733 million tonnes in the same period last year. The total production of nutritious coarse cereals, including maize, has increased to 54.74 million tonnes in the crop year 2022-23, as against 51.11 million tonnes in the previous year. In case of pulses, production is estimated to be marginally higher at 27.5 million tonnes in 2022-23 crop year as compared to 27.3 million tonnes in the previous year.
How will be the production of pulses
In the crop year 2022-23, except for gram and moong, the production of pigeon pea and urad is estimated to be low. Arhar production is estimated to be lower at 34.3 lakh tonnes as against 42.2 lakh tonnes earlier. Urad production is estimated at 26.1 lakh tonnes as against 27.7 lakh tonnes earlier. While the production of gram is estimated to remain unchanged at one crore 35.4 lakh tonnes during the same period.
Oilseeds will reduce import pressure
The production of oilseeds has been estimated to be at a record level of 40.99 million tonnes in the crop year 2022-23. This is more than 37.96 million tonnes in the previous year. The reason for this is the high production of soyabean and mustard seeds. Soybean production is estimated to be a record 14.97 million tonnes as against 12.98 million tonnes, while rapeseed-mustard production is expected to be a record 12.49 million tonnes as against 11.96 million tonnes earlier.
Estimated production of 490 million tonnes of sugarcane
In case of cash crops, sugarcane production is estimated to be a record 494.22 million tonnes in the 2022-23 crop year, as against 439.42 million tonnes in the previous year. The production of cotton this year is estimated to be more than 3 crore 43.4 lakh bales (one bale-170 kg), while in the crop year 2021-22 this production was 3 crore 11.1 lakh bales. The production of jute/mesta has been estimated at 94.9 lakh bales (one bale is equal to 180 kg) in the crop year 2022-23, as against 11.4 million bales in the previous year. The government releases a total of four estimates before the final estimate at different stages of crop maturity and harvesting.